1.  An off-shoot of electronic monitoring is GPS monitoring, which allows tracking of an offender’s movements.  Address the following:
What do you see as the strengths and weaknesses of GPS monitoring?

For what types of offenses would you use this type of alternative to imprisonment?

Does it depend on whether it is a first or second offense?

2. Should private companies be allowed to run correctional institutions?
Why or why not?
Use specific data from class and/or outside materials to support your argument.

*I believe that correctional facilities should NOT be for profit*


Sample Answer

Sample Answer



The Strengths and Weaknesses of GPS Monitoring

GPS monitoring, as an off-shoot of electronic monitoring, has both strengths and weaknesses. Here, we will explore these aspects:


Enhanced supervision and accountability: GPS monitoring allows for real-time tracking of an offender’s movements, ensuring that they adhere to their designated boundaries. This increased level of supervision can deter individuals from engaging in criminal activities, as they know their movements are being monitored.
Reduced costs: Compared to traditional imprisonment, GPS monitoring is generally more cost-effective. It eliminates the need for costly incarceration and provides an alternative that is less burdensome on the criminal justice system.
Reintegration support: GPS monitoring can be used as a tool to facilitate reintegration into society. Offenders can be granted limited freedom while still being closely monitored, enabling them to maintain employment or attend rehabilitation programs.


Privacy concerns: GPS monitoring involves constant surveillance of an offender’s location, which raises privacy concerns. Critics argue that this type of monitoring violates an individual’s right to privacy and may lead to a chilling effect on their daily lives.
Technological limitations: The effectiveness of GPS monitoring relies heavily on the accuracy and reliability of the technology used. Technical glitches, such as signal disruptions or inaccurate location data, can undermine the system’s credibility and effectiveness.
Limited enforcement capabilities: While GPS monitoring can track an offender’s movements, it does not have the immediate capacity to intervene and prevent criminal behavior. It only acts as a deterrent, relying on the offender’s compliance with the monitoring system.

Using GPS Monitoring as an Alternative to Imprisonment

The appropriateness of using GPS monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment depends on various factors, including the type of offense committed:

Non-violent offenses: GPS monitoring can be a suitable alternative for non-violent offenses such as property crimes, fraud, or drug-related offenses. It allows offenders to maintain employment or fulfill family responsibilities while still being supervised.
Low-risk offenders: For individuals who pose a low risk of re-offending or flight, GPS monitoring can provide a less restrictive alternative to imprisonment. It allows them to remain in the community while being held accountable for their actions.
Post-conviction supervision: GPS monitoring can be particularly valuable during post-conviction supervision, ensuring that offenders comply with parole or probation conditions. It facilitates the transition from incarceration to community-based supervision.

Whether it is a first or second offense can play a role in determining the appropriateness of GPS monitoring as an alternative to imprisonment. First-time offenders may be more suitable candidates for this alternative, as they may benefit from the opportunity for rehabilitation and reintegration into society without the negative impacts associated with incarceration. However, the specific circumstances of each case should be considered in determining the most appropriate course of action.

Overall, GPS monitoring has strengths in terms of enhanced supervision, reduced costs, and reintegration support. However, it also has weaknesses related to privacy concerns, technological limitations, and limited enforcement capabilities. Its suitability as an alternative to imprisonment depends on the nature of the offense committed and the individual circumstances of the offender.




This question has been answered.

Get Answer