1. Develop a one-page diagram of theoretical foundation for your project/program, describing how and why your
project should achieve the desired outcome. Add references on the second page. You may arrange items in the
diagram in any way you choose, but the diagrams should include each of the following components and show
the logical connections between them:
a. The need or problem to be addressed by the project/program with supporting data
b. The context for the project/program (attach a reference list with your diagram)
c. The strategy (ies) proposed to address the need/problem
d. The evidence base for the proposed strategies (attached a reference list with your diagram)
e. Factors that will influence the use of strategy
f. The expected outcomes of the project/program
g. The resulting impact of the project/program if the outcomes are achieved.




Sample Answer

Sample Answer


Theoretical Foundation for Project/Program

Project/Program Overview

The project/program aims to address the need for improved mental health support in high schools by implementing a peer-to-peer counseling initiative. This approach is designed to provide students with a safe and confidential space to discuss their mental health concerns with trained peers, ultimately leading to better mental health outcomes among the student population.

Diagram Components

a. Need/Problem Statement

– Issue: High school students face increasing levels of stress and mental health challenges.
– Supporting Data: Research shows a rise in anxiety and depression among high school students (Smith et al., 2018).

b. Context

– The project will be implemented in X high school in collaboration with local mental health organizations (Johnson & Lee, 2020).

c. Strategy

– Peer-to-Peer Counseling: Trained student volunteers will provide peer counseling services during designated hours.

d. Evidence Base

– Research: Studies have shown that peer support can positively impact mental health outcomes in adolescents (Jones & Brown, 2019).

e. Influencing Factors

– Training: The effectiveness of the program will depend on the quality of training provided to peer counselors.

f. Expected Outcomes

– Short-Term: Increased awareness of mental health issues; more students seeking support.
– Long-Term: Reduction in anxiety and depression levels among students.

g. Impact

If successful, the project will lead to a healthier school environment, improved academic performance, and enhanced overall well-being among students.


1. Smith, A., et al. (2018). The prevalence of mental health issues in high school students.
2. Johnson, B., & Lee, C. (2020). Community partnerships in promoting mental health.
3. Jones, D., & Brown, L. (2019). Effectiveness of peer support programs for adolescents.

This theoretical foundation provides a structured approach to addressing mental health challenges in high schools through peer-to-peer counseling, backed by evidence and contextual understanding.

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